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Chủ đề: Become a tour guide with ITEC

  1. #1
    svBK's Member Avatar của Oriole
    Tham gia ngày
    Jul 2006
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    Mặc định Become a tour guide with ITEC

    Dear friends!
    March is the month of many events related to the Union. So the room we (ITEC) normally use is not available in all this March. However, it’s also a good chance for us to make an outside activity. As we have said to you last time, we will choose 1 of 2 places to visit: one is the Temple of Literature and the other is the Sword Lake. After having a short conference, we, the key members of our club, chose the Temple of Literature to be the location we visit next time. So:

    The next our club’s activity is held at
    + Location: the Temple of Literature and the Imperial Academy (the first university of our country)
    + Time: 8.30am, Sat, March 15th, 2008
    You also can come to the gate B8 of our university at 8.00 am in the same day to go to the above location.
    + Contact: "Miss Oanh" 0904.733.033, Y!M: dreamscometrue231
    Or Long 0972.889.760, Y!M: phamtuanlongcva

    In this place, we will make a tour with some tour guides who is the members of our club. And because the topic is quite strange, the tour guides might find some difficulties to explain their ideas in English. So we will provide you a table of new words which is related to our topic. Finally, If you want to become a tour guide at that time, please contact to us by the above information.


    New Words:

    Văn Miếu Temple of Literature /'litəritʃə/
    Nho giáo, Khổng Tử Confucianism, Confucius /kən'fju:ʃənizəm/
    Quốc Tử Giám National University (or Imperial Academy) /im'piriəl/

    Tiến sĩ Doctor
    Hoàng đế Emperor
    Bia đá Stone Stele /'sti:li/
    Rùa đá Stone Turtle /'tə:tl/
    Hạc Crane (fi) longevity /lɔn'dʤeviti/
    Học giả Scholar /'skɔlə/
    Tượng Statue /'stætju:/
    Sân trong Courtyard /'kɔ:t'jɑ:d/
    Quan lại Mandarin /'mændərin/
    Khuê Văn Các Constellation of literature /,kɔnstə'leiʃn/
    Án thờ Altar /'ɔ:ltə/
    Học trò Disciple /di'saipl/
    Thi Hội? Imperial examination /im'piriəl/ ?
    Niên đại Date
    Triều đại Dynasty /'dinəsti/, reign /rein/ (However, the reign of Ly Thai To (not the Dynastic of Ly Thai To), but the Ly Dynastic)

    Cột (trang trí) Column (not pillar) /'kɔləm/
    Cổng vào Entrance gate
    Mái 3 lớp 3-layer roof
    Thờ cúng To worship to (Confucius) /'wə:ʃip/
    Lần sửa cuối bởi truong87bk; 09-03-2008 lúc 09:46 PM

  2. #2
    svBK's Member Avatar của Oriole
    Tham gia ngày
    Jul 2006
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    Mặc định

    History of Văn Miếu
    The Temple of Literature was founded in 1070 as a Confucian temple. Only parts of the Văn Miếu complex date back to the earliest period, although much of the architecture dates to the Lý (1010 – 1225) and Trần (1225 – 1400) Dynasties.
    In 1076 Vietnam's first university, the Quốc Tử Giám (國子監) or Imperial Academy (or National University), was established within the temple to educate Vietnam's bureacrats, royalty and other members of the elite. The university functioned for more than 700 years, from 1076 to 1779. During that time 2,313 doctors graduated.[1]
    In 1484 emperor Lê Thánh Tông started the tradition of carving the names of the laureates of the university on stone steles, which were placed on top of stone turtles. Of the 116 steles corresponding to the examinations held between 1142 and 1778, only 82 remain.
    Van Mieu is featured on the back of the one hundred thousand Vietnamese Dong banknote. [1]

    Description of Văn Miếu
    According to the book the Complete History of the Great Viet: "In the autumn of the year Canh Tuat, the second year of Than Vu (1070), in the 8th lunar month, during the reign of King Li Thanh Tong, the Temple of Literature was built. The statues of Confucius, his four best disciples (Nhan Uyên, Tăng Sâm, Tử Tư and Mạnh Tử) and Chu Công were carved and 72 other statues of Confucian scholars were painted. Ceremonies were dedicated to them in each of the four seasons. The Crown Princess studied here."
    This ancient Confucian sanctuary is now considered one of Hanoi's finest historical sites. The temple is based on Confucius' birthplace at Qufu in the Chinese province of Shandong. It consists of five courtyards lined out in order, entrance to the first, via the impressive twin-tiered Văn Miếu gate, leads to three pathways that run the length of the complex. The centre path was reserved for the king, the one to its left for administrative Mandarins and the one to its right for military Mandarins. The first two courtyards are peaceful havens of ancient trees and well-trimmed lawns where scholars could relax away from the bustle of the city outside the thick stone walls.
    Entrance to the third courtyard is through the dominating Khuê Văn Các (constellation of literature), a large pavilion built in 1802. Central to this courtyard is the Thien Quang Tinh ("Well Of Heavenly Clarity"), either side of which stand two great halls which house the true treasures of the temple. These are 82 stones steles. Another 34 are believed to have been lost over the years. They sit upon stone tortoises and are inscribed with the names and birth places of 1306 men who were awarded doctorates from the triennial examinations held here at the Quốc Tử Giám ("Imperial Academy") between 1484 and 1780, after which the capital was moved to Hue.
    The fourth courtyard is bordered on either side by great pavilions which once contained altars of 72 of Confucius' greatest students but now contain offices, a gift shop and a small museum displaying ink wells, pens, books and personal artifacts belonging to some of the students that studied here through the years. At the far end of the courtyard is the altar with statues of Confucius and his four closest disciples. The fifth courtyard contained the Quốc Tử Giám, Vietnam's first university founded in 1076 King Ly Can Duc, but this was destroyed by French bombing in 1947.
    The complex may have undergone a lot of restoration work, most recently in 1920 and again in 1954, but has one of the few remaining examples of later Lý Dynasty (1009-1225) architecture within easy walking distance of Ba Dinh square.
    You can find more information about “The Literature Temple (in Vietnamese) in the website:

  3. #3
    svBK's Newbie
    Tham gia ngày
    Apr 2007
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    That's a good idea.I want to join the tour.And can i invite my friends to go with?
    My yahoo is

  4. #4
    svBK's Member Avatar của Oriole
    Tham gia ngày
    Jul 2006
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    you're welcome!

  5. #5
    svBK's Member Avatar của Oriole
    Tham gia ngày
    Jul 2006
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    Ảnh về nào............ Một vài ảnh minh họa về buổi đi Văn Miếu hôm Thứ7 nhé ^^

    8h30' sáng trời mưa phùn, nhưng anh chị em tập trung trước cổng Văn Miếu rất đúng giờ

    Sau khi giới thiệu qua về địa điểm, quân ta xông vào bên trong ...

    Các bạn bắt đầu thể hiện

    Chỗ này cảnh đẹp đấy, tranh thủ chụp kiểu ảnh kỷ niệm nào

    Chơi cờ người, ai muốn chơi ko?

    Trời hửng nắng thì cũng đến giờ về, cùng nhau nhớ lại xem chúng ta đã thu được gì trong ngày hôm nay nhé ^^

    Tranh thủ chụp nốt kiểu ảnh trước khi về

  6. #6
    svBK's Member Avatar của greatsoft
    Tham gia ngày
    Nov 2006
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    Ảnh đẹp quá ....Tiếc là không có mình...hix..hix...Kỳ sau vậy

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